Methods of Making Perfume: Distillation

steam-distillationDistillation is a process where steam is used to capture the fragrance. The plants or flowers are put in the top part of a sill on perforated trays, with the bottom part filled with water. The water is brought to a boil, as it’s the steam that brings out the fragrances and scent-bearing components, which are transferred into an attached glass-cooling worm to be refrigerated and condensed.

The essential oil and water mixture is placed in bottles, where the essential oils will rise to the top leaving the scented water on the bottom. While the scented water is used for toilette water and other purposes, the essential oil is made into the finest perfumes.

Although technology has provided perfume makers with state-of-the-art equipment to make their perfume quickly and efficiently, the methods are still basically the same. Once they have the desired perfume, they don’t stop there. Being chemists as well as artists of the trade, they’re able to mix them with other essential oils to create exotic and beautiful fragrances.

What is perfume and what is perfume compound made from?

Essential Oils (Distilled Essential Oils), typically 5-15% in a perfume compound but can be 100% in natural perfumery. Also used are Extracts (Absolutes, Resinoids, Concretes, Tinctures, CO2 Extracts), Animal products, Isolates, Aroma Chemicals and Speciality/Specialty Fleuressence bases.